What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the leading cancer in men worldwide. It is the second most common cancer in men. Many low-grade prostate cancers grow slowly and remain confined to the prostate gland without spreading. Low-grade prostate tumours may not cause serious harm and may need minimal or even no treatment. However, high-grade cancers are aggressive and can spread quickly. The most common spread is to bones and lymph glands. Prostate cancer, when diagnosed early and treated promptly, has the best chance of potential cure.

Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

Factors that are associated with increased risk of prostate cancer include:

 

Older age – the risk of prostate cancer increases with age. It’s most common after age 50.

 

Race – Black Americans have a high incidence of prostate cancer and it is also likely to be more aggressive in this race.

 

Family history – If a single blood relative, such as a parent, real uncle, sibling or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, the risk may be increased twofold. If more than two family members have the disease, the risk is as high as elevenfold. 

 

Obesity – Obese people may have a higher risk of prostate cancer compared with people considered to have a healthy weight. Obesity is also related to more aggressive disease

The Causes Of Prostate Cancer

The causes of prostate cancer are not clear but there are a few known causes:

Common Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer:

Prostate Cancer Symptoms May Include:

Diagnosis Of Prostate Cancer

If prostate cancer is suspected on Digital Rectal Examination, the following tests should be performed to confirm the diagnosis:

Treatment Of Prostate Cancer

If the prostate cancer is aggressive, it tends to spread outside the prostate at an early stage. Common sites for the spread are the ends of long bones and pelvic girdle and lymph nodes. To determine the spread outside the prostate following tests are helpful:

In a localised, organ-confined disease where the Radical Treatment & Potential Cure is possible, the treatment options are:

Other options are:

When to Consult with a doctor?

If urinary symptoms appear particularly in a person beyond 60 years of age he should consult the doctor. It is more important if the symptoms persist for a few weeks.

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